A survey in 1980 of the associations of over 400 cocoons of Callosamia promethea Drury in vegetation along and adjacent to southern Michigan roadsides gave evidence for seven species of true larval foodplants (not including two others known in the area from other studies) and 17 species of false foodplants, the latter determined by the (1) rarity of their association with cocoons, (2) only one or two cocoons per plant, and (3) their proximity to a well known true foodplant. Three species, sassafras, black cherry, and buttonbush, are evidently the most important true foodplants in this area. Comparisons are made of the foodplants in terms of past literature, geography, and taxonomic relationships.
Wagner, W. H. Jr.; Hansen, Michael K.; and Mayfield, Michael R.
"True and False Foodplants of Callosamia Promethea (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) in Southern Michigan,"
The Great Lakes Entomologist: Vol. 14
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol14/iss3/6