Title

Measurement of the Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetry in p ↑ + p → W ± / Z 0 at RHIC

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1-2016

Journal Title

Physical Review Letters

Volume

116

Issue

13

Abstract

We present the measurement of the transverse single-spin asymmetry of weak boson production in transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at s=500 GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The measured observable is sensitive to the Sivers function, one of the transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution functions, which is predicted to have the opposite sign in proton-proton collisions from that observed in deep inelastic lepton-proton scattering. These data provide the first experimental investigation of the nonuniversality of the Sivers function, fundamental to our understanding of QCD.