This study measured ethical leadership perceptions utilizing a new corporate culture scale in a Central Asian country. Ethical leadership ratings from 103 Kazakhstani employees were used to determine how they perceived their managers in terms of being moral people and moral managers. Results indicate that managers are perceived as relatively weaker moral managers as compared to moral persons. Holding employees accountable for their actions is the lowest rated aspect of the moral manager. Definitions of moral persons and moral managers in Kazakhstan vary somewhat from an American culture-oriented ethical leadership model. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
Conrad, A. Michael
"Ethical Leadership in Kazakhstan: An Exploratory Study,"
The Journal of Values-Based Leadership:
1, Article 2.
Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/jvbl/vol6/iss1/2