The retroperitoneal hematoma can have, mainly, a traumatic etiology - blunt abdominal trauma (falls from height, road accidents, aggression of any kind, etc.), or open (incised wounds, puncture, penetration or gunshot wounds). Ruptured arterial aneurysms can cause hemorrhage in the retroperitoneal space. There is also spontaneous retroperitoneal trauma in patients with chronic treatment with anticoagulant or antiaggregant drugs (1). Hemorrhage in the retroperitoneal space can be iatrogenic, after surgical, open or laparoscopic, interventions (2, 3). A particular type of retroperitoneal hematoma is the psoas muscle hematoma in patients with chronic oral anticoagulant treatment (Acenocumarol, Warfarin).
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Socea, Bogdan; Carȃp, Alexandru; Bobic, Simona; and Constantin, Vlad Denis
"Psychological Barriers in Long Term Non-Operative Treatment of Retroperitoneal Hematoma,"
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences:
1, Article 8.
Available at: http://scholar.valpo.edu/jmms/vol2/iss1/8