Date of Award
Evidence-Based Project Report
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Elise M. Alverson
Alcohol consumption is a health concern on all college campuses in the United States. College students’ alcohol consumption is a highly prevalent behavior, with 44% reporting that they are consuming alcohol at the binge level or greater (Wechsler & Nelson, 2008). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to answer the clinical question: In college freshmen, how does a multi-component intervention influence alcohol consumption over a four-month period? The Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change (TTM) and Diffusion of Innovations (DoI) were used to guide the project. Evidence demonstrates that implementing brief intervention, promoting substance-free events, and increasing campus alcohol policy awareness has achieved success in reducing alcohol consumption in college students. After gaining the support of key stakeholders at a private mid-western university, decisions were made to implement an EBP project to reduce alcohol consumption among full-time freshmen students. The multi-component intervention consisted of (a) attending an alcohol education orientation session, (b) receiving a normative feedback e-mail, (c) attending a residence hall “maintenance” session, and (d) receiving a “maintenance” e-mail regarding the promotion of alcohol-free events. Changes in outcomes were assessed through pre-project and post-project surveys. After data collection, paired t tests were performed to evaluate and determine the significance of the EBP project’s results. In conclusion, orientation and residence hall “maintenance” session positively influenced participants’ alcohol consumption. Additionally, self-identified drinkers had a significant increase in frequency of alcohol consumption and in levels of confidence and importance related to changing alcohol consumption. Future recommendations and implications are discussed.
Jelinek, Kimberley L., "A Multi-Component Intervention to Reduce Alcohol Consumption in College Freshmen" (2012). Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports. 24.